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Journal volume 19, 2022, issue 2

Pandemie – Krise – Protest / Pandemic – Crisis – Protest



Mike Schmeitzner/Hans-Martin Behrisch:
Totengräber der Monarchie? Die Spanische Grippe und die politische Transformation in Sachsen 1918/19 (S. 227–255)

The Spanish flu was a global health crisis of enormous extent and consequences. This disease hit Saxony at a time of social, economic and political challenges. It spread rapidly while World War I was coming to its end and the radical political change in the country was beginning. How did this crisis affect the political reorganisation in the country? What is its significance in the context of the political unrest and the extreme social deficiencies after the World War? Did the flu sound the death knell of the monarchy?

Miroslav Mareš:
Anti-Impf-Bewegung und Verschwörungsnarrative in der Tschechischen Republik (S. 237–342)

The author deals with the use of conspiracy narratives by actors of the anti-vax movement in the Czech Republic during the Covid-19 pandemic in the years 2020–2022. The general development of the pandemic and the governmental measures are described, and the milestones of the anti-vax movement are identified. Conspiracy narratives are categorized in relation to traditional or new issues and to the national or global scope. Specific attention is paid to the anti-Semitic conspiracy narratives interconnected with part of the anti-Vax movement. Various kinds of conspiracy narratives were used in the Czech Republic, and they mobilized the anti-vax movement; however, its political results and impact on elections were limited.

Matthäus Wehowski:
„Verblassen des Staatsgedankens“ und „Totengesang“: Gesundheitskrise und Spanische Grippe in Oberschlesien (S. 257–278)

Upper Silesia was characterized by the struggle between two conflicting national movements, German and Polish/Silesian, the dominance of the Catholic Church and the accelerated industrialization since the second half of 19th century. It experienced a fast population growth, accompanied by the spread of infectious diseases. The First World War caused even more social disturbances and finally led to the erosion of the state’s legitimacy. In autumn 1918 the more serious second wave of the Spanish Flu caused death and severe illness. The provincial administration mostly stood by its own and struggled with the identification of the disease and the collection of verifiable numbers.

Filip Bláha/Josefine Lucke:
Die Spanische Grippe in der Zeit des Mangels und politischen Umsturzes – eine Prager Erfahrung (S. 279–304)

Also in the Bohemian countries the second wave of the Spanish flu in the autumn of 1918 proved to be extremely virulent and lethal. As demonstrated by the example of Prague, until its end the people did not really care about the pandemic, and very soon it was pushed out of the public sphere by the then-existing supply crisis as well as by the founding of the Czechoslovakian Republic in October 1918. This fact is also reflected by popular culture (anecdotes, comic songs). Furthermore, the Spanish flu was no catalyst of social protests, which were rather based on the anti-Semitic or anti-German narratives of the Czech national society.

Stefan Brieger/Maik Herold/Cyrill Otteni/Isabelle-Christine Panreck:
Auf Abstand zur Demokratie? Coronakritische Einstellungen und ihre Mobilisierung in Sachsen (S. 305–326)

The Covid-19 pandemic triggered profound changes, some of which threatened to shake the foundations of liberal democracy. In Germany, government measures to contain the virus were accompanied by protests. What has remained unclear in the related academic debate so far is: What attitudinal patterns do emerge among the Corona-critical segments of the population – and by what narratives do crucial protest actors attempt to specifically address these orientations? The article explores the supply and demand side of the demonstration landscape by the example of Saxony and presents first-hand quantitative and qualitative data to describe the interplay between political entrepreneurs and mobilizable citizens.

Piotr Kocyba:
Teilnehmende des „Marsches für die Freiheit“ der polnischen Impfgegner:innenbewegung – Ergebnisse einer Protestbefragung (S. 343–367)

Based on a protest survey conducted in October 2021, this paper will have a close look at a Corona protest organized by the Polish anti-vaccination movement. The focus of interest is the question of who joins such an event and why. In doing so, the data paint a picture of protesters who place their individual rights above pandemic-related restrictions. The attitude felt by many in this movement is one of disdain for the danger posed by the virus, which stems from a greater distrust towards established institutions and, not least, finds expression in a strong approval of Corona-related conspiracy narratives.

Book Reviews

Pest und Corona. Pandemien in Gegenwart und Zukunft
Freiburg im Breisgau (Verlag Herder) 2020 / Autor: Heiner Fangerau/Alfons Labisch
Rezension: Matthäus Wehowski (S. 371–372)

Immunisierte Gesellschaft. Impfen in Deutschland im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert
Göttingen (Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht) 2017 / Autor: Malte Thießen
Rezension: Florian Bruns (S. 373–375)

Coronakratie. Demokratisches Regieren in Ausnahmezeiten
New York (Campus) 2021 / Autor: Martin Florack/Karl-Rudolf Korte/Julia Schwanholz
Rezension: Sven Jochem (S. 376–378)

Fehlender Mindestabstand. Die Coronakrise und die Netzwerke der Demokratiefeinde
Freiburg im Breisgau (Verlag Herder) 2023 / Autor: Heike Kleffner/Matthias Meisner
Rezension: Stefan Brieger (S. 378–380)

Verqueres Denken. Gefährliche Weltbilder in alternativen Milieus
Berlin (Ch. Links Verlag) 2022 / Autor: Andreas Speit
Rezension: Matthias Pöhlmann (S. 381–383)

Red Metal. Die Heavy-Metal-Subkultur der DDR
Berlin (Ch. Links Verlag) 2021 / Autor: Nikolai Okunew
Rezension: Johannes Schütz (S. 383–386)