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Artikel Leonid Luks

Fedor Stepuns Analysen der russischen Revolution in der katholischen Zeitschrift „Hochland“ (1924–1927)

Jahrgang 14, Heft 2017, 1, Seite 105–121

Abstract

Es folgt die Zusammenfassung in englischer Sprache following the article short description

Fedor Stepun (1884–1965) was one of the most important mediators between German and Russian culture in the 20th century. In 1922, he was expelled from his motherland along with other prominent Russian intellectuals. The Soviet leadership, turning Russia into an ideocratic dictatorship, considered those independent thinkers to be regime-obstructers. However, they were rarely noticed in the West as well, because the Western audience was more focused on the Bolshevik winners in the Russian Civil War rather than on those who had lost. So the later had to fight for their spiritual and material survival. Nevertheless, certain European groups were willing to listen to the Russian exile thinkers, e.g. the publishers of the Catholic journal “Hochland” which became a tribune for a number of them in the 1920s and 1930s. Fedor Stepun was one of the most active “Hochland”-authors. This contribution deals with Stepun’s articles, dated 1924–1927, where he analysed the Russian revolution and the European crisis of the 20th century.

Einführung: Der stalinistische Massenterror

Jahrgang 8, Heft 2011, 1, Seite 5–14

Es folgt die Zusammenfassung in englischer Sprache following the article short description

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Editorial: The Stalinist Mass Terror

Jahrgang 8, Heft 2011, 1, Seite 15–24

Es folgt die Zusammenfassung in englischer Sprache following the article short description

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Bolschewismus, Stalinismus und Nationalsozialismus aus der Sicht russischer Exildenker - am Beispiel der "Vechi"-Autoren und der "Novyj-Grad"-Gruppe

Jahrgang 8, Heft 2011, 1, Seite 99–131

Abstract / Volltext

Es folgt die Zusammenfassung in englischer Sprache following the article short description

In October 1917, in Russia, emerged the first modern totalitarian regime. This development was, already a few years before, predicted by a number of Russian thinkers. These were the editors of the 1909 collected volume “Vekhi” (Landmarks ). Since the early 1920s, the majority of the “Vekhi” authors were in exile, in Europe. There, they became witnesses of the victorious rise of totalitarian regimes of the extreme right. At that time, it emerged that the catastroph of 1917 in Russia had only been the first act in an all- European tragedy. These developments were astutely analyzed by the authors of “Vekhi” as well as by other thinkers of the Russian exile. This article will focus on some of their findings which have been largely ignored in Western studies of totalitarianism.

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Eurasien aus neototalitärer Sicht – Zur Renaissance einer Ideologie im heutigen Russland

Jahrgang 1, Heft 2004, 1, Seite 63–7

Abstract / Volltext

Angesichts der Erosion der kommunistischen Ideologie, die das sowjetische Reich weltanschaulich geeinigt hatte, begaben sich viele Verfechter der imperialen russischen Idee auf die Suche nach einer neuen einigenden Klammer für alle Völker und Religionsgemeinschaften des Sowjetreiches. Sie entdeckten dabei den eurasischen Gedanken. Von den vielen Gruppierungen und publizistische Organen im heutigen Russland, die sich zu ihm bekennen, verdient die Gruppe um Aleksandr Dugin und dessen 1992 gegründete Zeitschrift „Elementy“ angesichts ihres beträchtlichen Einflusses besondere Aufmerksamkeit. Der Beitrag entwirft ein geistiges Porträt des Periodikums, beleuchtet das Verhältnis zur westlichen extremen Rechten und fragt nach dem Einfluss dieser Form der Geopolitik auf die heutige russische Führung.

Es folgt die Zusammenfassung in englischer Sprache following the article short description

After the erosion of the Communist ideology underpinning the Soviet empire, many advocates of the vision of an imperial Russia set out in quest of a new factor capable of unifying the peoples and religious communities of the former Soviet system. They lit upon the idea of "Eurasia". Of the many groupings and publications affirming their allegiance to this idea in present-day Russia, the group headed by Aleksandr Dugin and represented by the journal "Elementy" established in 1992 deserves especial attention. The article outlines the intellectual complexion of the periodical, casts light on the links with the extreme right in the West, and inquires into the influence of this form of geopolitics on the present-day Russian leadership.

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